This lesson reviews the facts, legal conclusions, and practical significance of six court cases concerning pharmacy technicians and their relationship with the pharmacists who supervise their work. In many practice settings, pharmacy technicians have largely taken over the role of order processing, subject to pharmacist oversight and final check, of processed prescriptions. In these settings, pharmacists are more readily available for consultation with other health professionals, education of patients and their family caregivers, monitoring of drug therapy, and the provision of expanded health care services such as immunizations. Pharmacy technicians may also perform clerical roles, such as inventory control, ordering and check-in of drug stock and supplies, and processing of third party payments. The support role of the pharmacy technician is important, and it subjects the pharmacist and pharmacy to potential legal action should the technician fail in meeting the responsibilities of this role.